Parent Toolkit
Our Lingo

Education has a lot of acronyms, and the following list explains some acronyms that you’re likely to encounter while your child is a student in CMS.

ABCs: The name given to the School-Based Accountability and Management Program established by the North Carolina Legislature in 1996. The program monitors the performance of each school in the state, using test scores and the growth in student learning from one year to the next.

AYP: Adequate Yearly Progress, a standard for student learning calculated each year. AYP was established under the No Child Left Behind Act, but it is calculated differently in each state. In North Carolina, student results on state-required tests are used to calculate whether schools and groups of students have made Adequate Yearly Progress.

DIBELS: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy. A measurement tool of elementary student progress used by CMS.

DOE: Department of Education, a federal agency that oversees education in the U.S.

DPI: Department of Public Instruction, a state agency that oversees education in the state of North Carolina.

EC: Exceptional Children, a designation used for students with developmental, learning or other disabilities.

EOC: End-of-Course tests. These are state tests given each year in 10 subjects to determine if students have mastered the material in each course. Given in high schools and to some middle school students studying at advanced levels.

EOG: End-of-Grade tests. These are given to students in grades three through eight to determine if the students have mastered the required knowledge for each grade.

ESL: English as a Second Language, a teaching program used for students whose native language is not English. Also used to describe students in the program.

GPA: Grade point average.

IEP: Individual Education Program. An IEP is done for each individual student in CMS to help ensure that each child gets the necessary support and instruction.

LEP: Limited English Proficiency, used to describe students who have not yet fully mastered the English language.

NAEP: National Assessment of Educational Progress. This national program measures student learning in all 50 states, and in 11 cities around the country, including Charlotte. It’s often called the Nation’s Report Card, because all students are given the same body of tests – making comparisons among states and cities possible.

NCWISE: North Carolina Window of Information into Student Education. This computer program is used by schools across the state to track student progress, attendance and other information.

NCSCOS: North Carolina Standard Course of Study. This is the state-mandated curriculum that every student in the state must be taught.

PTA/PTO: Parent-Teacher Association, Parent Teacher Organization. These are parent groups that organize at each school to help parents stay involved in children’s education.

SAT: Scholastic Aptitude Tests. These national tests are taken by juniors and seniors in high school, and are used by many colleges to assess whether a student is ready for college-level study.

SIFE: Students with Interrupted Formal Education, a designation used for immigrant students who may have been unable to attend schools in their home countries because of political unrest, poverty or other factors.